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Retention of the natural dentition The primary goal of Samarth Dental Clinic is the preservation of the natural dentition as we value teeth. We understand that each and every tooth in your mouth plays a unique and important role for your ability to chew, speak, and smile confidently. Long–term retention of natural teeth has today become attainable with significant technological and biological improvements in all disciplines of dentistry. Patients entrust dentists at our clinic to make appropriate recommendations regarding the maintenance and restoration of their oral health and function. Natural tooth removal is the final and cannot be reversed. In the following blog, we explain why it’s so important to save natural teeth. What conditions necessitate tooth removal? Dentists are aware of conditions which necessitate tooth removal, but however, with proper clinical skills, even most of the following types of problems can be treated successfully without tooth removal: Lack of patient cooperation with oral hygiene. Lack of patient cooperation with diet. Ongoing periodontal disease with major tooth mobility. Severe bone loss and subsequent major tooth mobility. Vertically fractured teeth. Accidents causing tooth fracture, intrusion, and bone fracture. Portions of the tooth broken off apical to the bone. Dental caries involving most or all of the coronal portion of the tooth. Bruxism and the accompanying occlusal wear destroying most or all of the coronal portion of the tooth. Tooth resorption with inability to remove enough of the resorption to properly restore. Patient motivation to remove teeth Patients can become extremely frustrated with the constant need for dental restorations and continued dental caries, periodontal breakdown, or occlusal wear.  We are aware that, patients feel that removal of teeth, placement of implants, and a fixed prosthesis would solve be a shortcut in resolving esthetic and functional challenges. But many factors play a negative role such as patient behaviour relative to diet and oral hygiene. It is our responsibility at Stoma Advanced Dental Care to counsel patients how to reduce or eliminate dental caries, slow down periodontal disease, and prevent significant occlusal wear. Changing adult behaviour is almost impossible without education and motivation. The foremost is to make patients aware about carious lesions, the causes and prevention. If both dentists and patients work together, almost all oral disease could be prevented! What are the characteristics of natural teeth relative to implants? We truly are in the twenty-first century of dentistry with advanced tooth restoration technology, state-of-the-art dental implants and beautiful crowns. This encourages patient to even wonder if artificial teeth are actually better than actual teeth, as they are durable, attractive, and versatile.  While prostheses are impressive, nothing beats your real teeth. There are several distinguishing attributes that differentiate natural teeth and dental implants: There is greater comfort with natural tooth while with restorations like crowns, bridges, or dentures, you may need to undergo surgery, deal with shifting prostheses, and deal with any other number of hassles associated with artificial teeth. With natural teeth, you can maintain normal biting force, so you can continue to eat your favourite foods. In contrast, prostheses may not be able to handle certain fruits, vegetables, meats, and snacks. The periodontal ligament allows teeth to have a shock-absorbing characteristic. Teeth move in the bone throughout life, usually maintaining contact areas and constantly adjusting to occlusal and muscular forces. While the Implants do not exhibit appreciable movement. Commonly, implants placed adjacent to natural teeth develop open contacts over their period of service. Teeth have a natural attachment to gingival tissues, the epithelial attachment. If this is maintained well, gingival health can be optimum. Implants do not have this natural attachment. There is growing concern about the prevalence of peri-implantitis. Peri-implantitis is the destructive inflammatory process affecting the soft and hard tissues surrounding dental implants. The array of periodontal pathogens found around failing implants (those affected by peri-implantitis) are very similar to those found in association with various forms of periodontal disease.  There is also concern that one of the causative factors for development of peri-implantitis is related to sensitivity to the elements in most implants—titanium, vanadium, and aluminum. Supporting structures of teeth can develop periodontal disease. Well-known studies show at least 35% of adults have mild-to-severe periodontitis, causing gingival pathology, bone degeneration, tooth mobility, and eventually tooth loss. Many implants may witness significant bone loss, requiring additional surgery, grafting, and potential implant failure. Teeth have optimum anatomical form that provides natural contour conducive to optimum periodontal health. While implants have a diameter much narrower than natural teeth, providing unnatural soft-tissue contour and potentially difficult oral hygiene. Implants do not have the problem of dental caries, while with retained teeth has this problem. Our goal at Stoma Advanced Dental Care is retention of natural teeth because having natural increases your lifespan by 10 years according to research from the Mayo clinic.  There are many reasons for this statistic. First is the element of diet as it is not possible to chew well with unhealthy teeth, which makes nutritious eating next to impossible. Another reason is that gum disease is linked to many systemic issues like cancer, heart disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and diabetes. Maintain routine appointments  The key to keeping your natural teeth is your daily routine of hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice per day and floss at least once per day. Eat a healthy, balanced diet to maintain your overall well-being and keep your body functioning optimally. But the true secret is to maintain six month cleaning appointments. This helps dentists at Stoma Advanced Dental Care catch oral health issues before they worsen and become more difficult to treat. This give a chance to remove harmful bacteria from your teeth and gums, check for signs of decay and infection, and solve little problems before they get out of hand! These treatments preserve your teeth rather than going straight for extraction. For example, if you have an infected tooth root, root canal therapy is recommended rather than removing the tooth right away. What dental treatments are available for severe caries, periodontal disease, or occlusal disease? Preventive treatments are very effective in treating severe dental caries in many patients. A simple 30-minute preventive appointment can reduce or even eliminate caries\severe tooth destruction in most patients as follows: We educate patient regarding oral hygiene. Endodontic treatment if necessary. Tooth build-ups and/or posts and cores. Crowns and fixed prostheses.          Fluoride trays or 5, 000 ppm fluoride toothpaste daily.       Occlusal wear, noted early enough, can be reduced or eliminated by the proper use of occlusal splints. Dentists can help retain teeth. Fix an appointment with us to know more. Contributed By Dr. Gaurav Mali
The Vital Reasons Why You Should Replace Missing Teeth The goal of modern dentistry is for each & every patient to keep all their teeth for their entire lifetime. As dental health awareness & dental technology have advanced over the last half century, we now see fewer older people who are missing all their teeth (a condition dentists call edentulism). Still, we find that people may loose a tooth or a few & not think much of it. The reality is that a missing tooth is far more than just a gap in your smile: it can have serious oral health & psychological effects down the line. Bones are similar to muscles in that if you don’t stimulate them, they will start to atrophy. The bones in your jaws are stimulated when the force of biting & chewing travels down the root of your teeth into the bone. When you lose even a single tooth, the bone under where the tooth used to be starts to weaken & decrease in density. If you are missing all the teeth on your upper or lower jaw, this effect is even more pronounced, & can lead to the face having a sunken & shortened appearance that makes a person look much older. Patients who have lost teeth also experience negative effects on their health & quality of life. Missing teeth can make it hard for people to eat healthy foods that might be difficult to chew, such as nuts, vegetables & meats. As a result, many patients with missing teeth also suffer from poor nutrition. Missing teeth can also have social consequences, as patients who are self conscious about their appearance or eating ability may avoid social activities that they once enjoyed. If you are missing teeth it’s very important that you look into your options for tooth replacement as soon as possible. The longer you wait to replace a tooth, the worse your problems with bone loss & other consequences will be. Best options for replacing teeth: Dental Implants Dental implants are by far the best option for replacing teeth. A major reason for this is they replace both the tooth root & the crown. The fact that the replacement tooth is imbedded in the bone helps prevent further bone loss. The implant is an artificial tooth root that is anchored in the bone. The crown is a porcelain or ceramic tooth that is then attached to the metal implant using dental cement. Essentially, the only drawback to dental implants is the healing time, which can be as long as three months. But the result is permanent teeth that will last the rest of your life & be as functional as if you never lost your natural teeth. Plus, unlike other tooth restoration options, implants don’t ever have to be replaced or adjusted, so you only have to pay for them once. Bridges Bridges are replacement teeth that are held in place by attaching to neighboring healthy teeth. While traditionally bridges have been made from gold, ceramic, or alloys, today the preferred kind of bridge is made entirely of ceramic. This provides the most natural-looking result. A ceramic bridge consists of a false tooth with hollow tooth crowns on either side. These hollow crowns are then cemented to nearby healthy teeth that have been reshaped & the false tooth in the middle fills the gap left by your missing tooth. Bridges can help prevent bone loss in your jaw & also keep your remaining teeth from shifting into the gap, which can misalign your bite, make chewing difficult & even affect your appearance. While bridges are durable & long-lasting, most of the time they do need to be replaced eventually. Bridges are also a less desirable option than implants because they involve taking structure away from healthy teeth in order to attach the bridge, so the loss of one tooth ends up affecting several teeth. Partials & Dentures Dentures are dental appliance that replace an entire arch of teeth (i.e. all the teeth on your upper jaw or lower jaw). Dentures consist of a plate that holds false teeth & gums that are held in place by fitting over your gums & the power of suction. Dentures are usually made of a durable resin material that is colored to look like your own natural teeth. Partials are used for patients who are missing a few, but not all, of the teeth in an arch. They consist of a plate that fits against the roof of the mouth, false teeth, & clips that attach to existing teeth to hold the partial in place. While dentures & partials will restore the appearance of your smile & some of its function, they do not help prevent bone loss due to missing teeth. Even if you wear dentures the bones of your jaw will continue to diminish & change shape. As a result, you may need to have your dentures adjusted or replaced, as the original bone structure they were designed for will have changed. This is why, despite having a lower upfront cost, dentures can end up costing more than dental implants in the long run. If you are missing teeth or know you are at risk of losing teeth, please don’t hesitate to talk to us about your options.
Reasons for Tooth Extraction Tooth extraction is when a tooth is removed from it’s place in the gum & bone of your jaw. Compared to many dental procedures, tooth extraction can sound scary, especially when it’s referred to as “oral surgery”. However, we believe that understanding the reasons that an extraction is necessary will ease your mind if you’ve been told you need a tooth removed. 1.Damage from Decay or Trauma Dentists will alway try a conservative approach first when trying to repair a tooth that is damaged. However, if the damage is too severe for the usual  solutions such as a crown or a filling, the dentist may decide to remove the tooth completely. Teeth sometimes shift into the place where the removed tooth used to be, which can cause problems with your bite. For this reason (& your own comfort) we may recommend putting a bridge, partial denture or dental implant in the space where the missing tooth was. 2.Orthodontics Tooth extraction can also be a part of orthodontic (or braces) treatment. When teeth are too large for the mouth & are causing problems, teeth may need to removed in order for orthodontic treatment to be completed. The most common reason for tooth extraction in braces treatment is the alleviate crowding, though there are other conditions that may warrant the removal of teeth (such as overbite). Usually teeth are removed symmetrically, so the same 2 teeth in each jaw are removed in order to keep the bite balanced, so a total of 4 teeth would be removed. While tooth extraction for the sake of braces may seem like an extreme choice, but in some cases it is an alternative to more serious surgery to re-align the jaw. 3.Wisdom Teeth Removal Wisdom teeth are an extra set of adult molars that usually come in when patients are in their late teens or early 20s. Not everyone’s wisdom teeth cause problems, but it is common for them to be impacted, meaning they’ve come in at a funny angle or have failed to come in at all, & trapped under the gum pressing against other teeth. In some cases, wisdom teeth can become infected or cause abscesses, pain or swelling. Wisdom teeth removal is usually recommended on wisdom teeth that are impacted or have otherwise started to cause problems. 4.Timely Development in Kids Sometimes a dentist will recommend tooth extraction of baby teeth (also known as primary teeth or “milk” teeth) that have not been lost in a timely fashion. For example, if your dentist sees that your child still has a baby tooth that most children their age would have lost years ago they may recommend extracting it. The reason for such extractions is usually to ensure that permanent adult teeth come in (or erupt) in the right position. It’s also important that you understand that dentists never take the extraction of a tooth lightly. Our first choice is always conservative treatment (i.e. “conserving” as many teeth in your mouth as possible), but sometimes health or developmental considerations make keeping a tooth inadvisable. No matter the reason, if we’ve recommended tooth extraction as part of your treatment, we will go over the details of what to expect both during & after the procedure, & what the resulting benefit to your health will be.
Seasonal allergies can affect your mouth Watch out for the allergy season. You may find yourself sneezing or suffering from itchy, watery eye but here is a reminder that it can impact your teeth and gums as well. Here’s what to look out for and how to protect your mouth as we at dental professionals at Stoma Advanced Dental Care, concern about your oral health. Tooth pain Sinus pain, pressure and congestion caused by allergies can feel an awful lot like a toothache. The body’s immune reaction to the allergens in your system causes mucus to build up in the sinus cavities, which in turn, causes congestion, pressure and pain. When the maxillary sinuses, which are located just above the roots of the upper molars, are affected it can cause the molars, and sometimes premolars, to be sensitive to cold, biting or chewing, and sometimes even cause a throbbing sensation. The pain flares up as you sit, stand or lie down. Antihistamines can ease the pressure. But the pain may be a symptom of tooth decay. Talk to your dentist to determine whether it’s a result of allergies or decay. Dry mouth Allergies themselves, along with allergy medications (antihistamine), decongestants, and oral inhalers can make your mouth become extremely dry as a side-effect. Plus, when your nose is stuffy you tend to breathe through your mouth (especially while sleeping). The lack of saliva creates a dry mouth and a breeding ground for harmful bacteria, which can cause bad breath, tooth decay (cavities), gingivitis, and periodontitis. If you suffer from dry mouth, drink plenty of water to keep your oral tissues moist, and alleviate dryness. Chewing sugar-free gum with xylitol is recommended to encourage saliva production and xylitol is proven to help reduce cavities. There are also oral rinses and other solutions that may alleviate symptoms. Mouth breathing Research indicates that mouth breathing can change the shape of your face and alter appearance. This is especially true for children because they are still growing. When breathing through the mouth, the tongue rests on floor of the mouth, causing cheek muscles to relax onto the upper teeth. This long-term pressure can lead to crooked teeth, dental overbites, as well as palate malformations Sore throat Postnasal drip causes an irritated sore throat, a persistent cough and making it hard to sleep at night. The soreness and constant need to clear your throat leads to additional dryness and irritation that eventually contributes to bad breath, but since it originates in the throat, brushing your teeth won’t help. Tips to keep oral health in check Stay hydrated. Drink lots of water and warm drinks like herbal tea (to keep both your mouth and body hydrated). Not only can this counteract the effects of dry mouth, it can also help your body flush away the excess mucus. Gargle with warm salty water relieves your throat and reduces harmful bacteria. Gargle and spit until all the water is gone. The salt can help draw mucus out of your sinuses, relieving your symptoms. It also cuts down on harmful bacteria in your mouth and throat, reducing the effects of bad breath and plaque. For those with high blood pressure, skip the salt. Just warm water is fine. Keep brushing and flossing is especially important when you’re experiencing dry mouth, so make sure you’re brushing twice and flossing at least once a day. Treat your allergies. Controlling your allergies can help reduce their impact on your mouth. Talk to your doctor about long-term treatment options. Talk to your dentist. Continue going to scheduled dental appointments. If you’re experiencing tooth pain, mention it to your dentist. Your dentist can help you figure out whether it’s allergy-related or caused by other problems. Allergies may seem only seasonal, but there could be underlying health conditions that need attention.
9 Common Questions and Answers for Parents Considering Braces for their Children If you’re a parent considering braces for your child, you may have questions about the treatment. Here are answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about preparing for braces. Q: What causes crooked teeth? A: There are a few factors that can cause crooked teeth. A misaligned jaw can cause the mouth to close incorrectly. Malocclusion is a genetic condition that causes teeth to become crowded, crooked or protruding. Additionally, habits like sucking your thumb can cause crowded teeth. An improper bite can interfere with chewing and speaking, cause abnormal wear to tooth enamel, and lead to problems with the jaw. Q: When should I take my child to get braces? A: Orthodontic treatment often begins between ages 8 and 14, when a child’s face and mouth are usually still growing, making the teeth and jaw easier to adjust. The best age for braces is specific to the individual, so talk to your child’s orthodontist about the best plan of action. Q:  Why would my child need braces? A: Sometimes crooked teeth or a misaligned jaw are genetic, while other times they develop from habits or accidents. Braces correct the appearance of teeth, but also improve chewing and speaking abilities when teeth create other problems. Q: I’m an adult. How do I know if I need braces? A: If you didn’t have braces as a child or didn’t follow your orthodontist’s advice after your braces were removed, you could have crooked teeth as an adult. Your dentist can tell you if braces are right for you. Q: How long will my child have braces? How long do braces last? A: Over and under-bites generally take longer to correct than straightening crooked teeth. Your child’s orthodontist will be able to give you an accurate time frame. Most people wear braces for 1 to 3 years. Q: How much do braces cost? A: The cost of straightening your teeth depends on the method you choose and the length of your treatment plan. Metal or ceramic braces range from 25k to 55k If you think your child might benefit from braces, schedule an appointment with your dentist to discuss options.
Dr Gaurav mali provides a wide variety of dental services to his patients including regular checkups, professional cleanings, fillings, bridges, crowns, One-Day Crowns, veneers, dental implants, endodontic treatments, root canals, tooth extraction, smile design , dental jewellery oral surgery, third moral extractions and orthodontics.we provide all treatments regarding Ur oral cavity "samarth Dental clinic"
25 Oct 2018 Management of sports injuries The most common injury to the primary teeth is dislocation of the front teeth. A primary tooth that is loose may be left in place or, if interfering with the bite, it may be removed. In many cases, a loose tooth will heal without treatment. Injured teeth that are very loose may need to be removed if there is a possibility that the tooth could fall out easily or cause the child to choke (eg, while sleeping).  Anyone who participates in sport should wear appropriate safety equipment to prevent tooth (crown) fractures, tooth intrusion, extrusion, and avulsion and temporomandibular joint dislocation. The treatment or management of dental injuries depends upon the type of injury and whether the injured tooth is a primary (baby) or permanent (adult) tooth. Dislocated or loose primary tooth — The most common injury to the primary teeth is dislocation of the front teeth. A primary tooth that is loose may be left in place or, if interfering with the bite, it may be removed. In many cases, a loose tooth will heal without treatment. Injured teeth that are very loose may need to be removed if there is a possibility that the tooth could fall out easily or cause the child to choke (eg, while sleeping). If the primary tooth was knocked out completely, it should not be placed back into the gums because of the risk of damage to the permanent tooth to follow. Broken primary tooth —Treatment may include smoothing the rough edges of the tooth, repairing it with a tooth-coloured resin material, leaving the tooth in place, or removing it. Dislocated permanent tooth — A permanent tooth that is knocked out is a dental emergency that requires prompt treatment. The tooth should be placed back into the tooth socket as soon as possible, ideally within 15 minutes and up to one hour (or longer if stored in cold milk). At least 85 percent of teeth that are put back in the tooth socket within five minutes survive. The following steps are recommended: ? Handle the tooth carefully by the top (crown). ? Remove any debris by gentle rinsing the tooth with saline or tap water; the tooth should not be scrubbed or sterilized. ?Place the tooth by hand back into the socket. ?Keep the tooth in place by having the child bite on a clean towel or handkerchief. ?The child should see a dentist for treatment as soon as possible. If it is not possible to replace the tooth in the gums, the tooth should be stored in a container of cold milk or in a container of the child's saliva. Do not store the tooth in water, because this reduces the chances of successful healing of the reimplanted tooth. The child should see a dentist as soon as possible. The likelihood that the tooth will survive is reduced the longer the tooth is out of the mouth. Loose permanent tooth — A loose permanent tooth that is interfering with the child’s bite is also a dental emergency that requires prompt treatment. It may be necessary to use anesthesia (to prevent pain) and stitches or splints (to hold the tooth in place). Broken permanent tooth — The child should see a dentist within two days from the time of the injury. Broken teeth that are sensitive to hot or cold must be treated on urgent basis. The tooth may be repaired with a material called composite resin, which can be matched to the colour of the natural tooth. Mouth injuries The evaluation and management of mouth injuries depends upon how the injury happened, what areas are injured, and the severity of the injury. Tears — Small wounds or tears inside the mouth usually do not require stitches. Tears of the flap of skin under the upper lip (the frenulum) also heal without stitches. Cuts to the tongue that are large, especially if near the tip of the tongue require stitches. Wounds that involve the outer part of the lips and extend into the skin also frequently require stitches. Puncture wounds — Wounds to the back of the throat can occur if a child falls while holding a pencil, toothbrush, or other object. If the object penetrates the side of the back of the throat, near the tonsils, there is a risk of injury to the carotid artery (a large blood vessel). A child with this type of injury may require an imaging test and/or evaluation by a surgeon, and will sometimes require hospitalization or surgery. Home management of minor mouth injuries — To stop bleeding inside the lip, press the area against the teeth and hold for several minutes. To stop bleeding of the tongue, hold the injured area between the fingers with a piece of gauze or a clean cloth. Applying pressure should control the bleeding within 10 minutes. It is normal to have small amounts of blood-tinged saliva afterwards. Small mouth wounds usually heal within three days. Pain relief — If a child has pain related to a mouth or tooth injury, the child may apply a piece of ice or frozen popsicle to the area. A non-prescription pain medication, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or acetaminophen (Tylenol) may also be given. These medications should be dosed according to the child's weight rather than age. Antibiotics — Antibiotics are not often required for children with dental or mouth injuries. However, children with complicated mouth wounds, including those that require stitches, may be treated with five to seven days of antibiotics to prevent infection. Also, children with heart conditions that require antibiotics to prevent a heart infection (endocarditis) after dental work should receive antibiotics. Tetanus prevention — A dose of tetanus vaccine may be necessary depending upon the child’s tetanus immunization status. Hygiene and diet — After a tooth or mouth injury, it is important to keep the teeth clean. This includes brushing twice per day with a soft bristled toothbrush. Occasionally, a mouthwash will be prescribed to prevent swelling and infection. If a child's tooth is loose or the mouth is sore, a soft diet is recommended for several days. Sucking on a pacifier or a finger should be restricted for the first 10 days following a tooth injury. Children who have stitches in the mouth should avoid spicy or salty food, popcorn, and straws for approximately one week.
27 Aug 2018 Tackling toothache      |    27 Aug 2018   |   Cavities Decay Mouth Pain The treatments for tooth pain may be as simple as improving your oral health care routine, or as complicated as oral surgery. Tooth pain, is usually caused when the nerve in the root of a tooth or surrounding a tooth is irritated. The degree of tooth pain can range from mildly annoying to excruciatingly painful. Dental (tooth) infection, decay, injury, or loss of a tooth is the most common causes of dental pain. Pain may also occur after an extraction (tooth is pulled out) or sometimes originates from other areas and radiates to the jaw, thus appearing to be tooth pain. The most common areas include the jaw joint (temporomandibular joint or TMJ), ear pain, sinuses, and even occasional heart problems. The treatments for tooth pain may be as simple as improving your oral health care routine, or as complicated as oral surgery. The dental causes of tooth pain fall into several categories: Dental Causes Of Tooth Pain Tooth Damage: Damage to the tooth (chipped or broken due to trauma, broken or damaged filling, crown, or dental implant) are causes of tooth pain.  Tooth Decay is one of the most common causes of tooth pain, and it has several degrees of severity. Cavities are holes in the teeth that penetrate the tooth enamel and underlying dentin and which can lead to tooth pain. Abscess, which is an infection of the nerve and pulp inside the tooth, is a more severe form of tooth pain. Gum Disease (periodontal disease) includes redness and swelling of the gums, but these symptoms can contribute to tooth pain, as well as gum pain. Periodontitis occurs when gingivitis is left untreated, and the inner layer of the gums pulls away from the teeth, forming pockets that collect food debris and bacteria.   Non-Dental Causes Of Tooth Pain Some causes of tooth pain are not directly related to your teeth. Pain can be associated with any of the following conditions: Sinus Infection can cause pain in teeth when the pressure of fluid-filled sinuses creates pain in the upper back corners of your mouth. Cluster Headache pressure has been associated with tooth pain. Heart Attack pain can radiate into the lower jaw. Diabetes - uncontrolled blood sugar can increase your risk for tooth decay. Nerve Diseases a condition called trigeminal neuralgia is associated with a sharp pain on one side of the face. Drug Abuse o  Methamphetamine has been associated with tooth pain. Vitamin Deficiency of B12 has been associated with tooth pain. You can prevent the majority of dental problems by flossing, brushing with fluoride toothpaste, and having your teeth professionally cleaned twice a year.
10 REASONS YOU (MAY) HAVE BAD BREATH TEN REASONS YOU (MAY) HAVE BAD BREATH We were inspired to create this article based on content we spotted on WebMD. No one likes to feel self conscious about their breath! This article talks about 10 reasons why you may have bad breath and how you can combat them. HAPPY HOUR Grabbing a drink with your girls or drinking a couple brews with your bros could give you more than a hangover. Even though it’s a liquid, alcohol can actually dry out your mouth, which encourages the bacteria that cause halitosis, the medical term for bad breath. Drinks with caffeine, spicy foods, and cigarettes can, too. A dry mouth from not making as much saliva while you sleep also explains “morning breath.” It’s always a good idea to make sure you are getting plenty of water in a day to combat dry mouth. YOUR TONGUE Bacteria on the tongue is the leading cause of bad breath. Clean yours with your toothbrush, a teaspoon,   or a tongue scraper. Scrapers will do a slightly better job. A LOW-CARB DIET When you cut out carbs and boost the amount of protein you eat, your body starts burning fat for energy. That process makes compounds called ketones, which can cause bad breath. In this case, better dental hygiene won’t solve the problem, since that’s not the root cause. Sugar-free gum can help mask bad breath or a clove rinse can be helpful as well. THE COMMON COLD Respiratory tract infections like colds and bronchitis can also give you bad breath. That’s because odor-causing bacteria like to feed on mucus. And if you have a stuffy nose, you’re more likely to resort to mouth-breathing, which can dry out your mouth. AN ULCER A type of bacteria that causes ulcers, Helicobacter pylori, can also trigger bad breath, according to a study in the Journal of Medical Microbiology. Treating the bacteria may get rid of the stink. Your doctor can test you for H. pylori and prescribe antibiotics for it. MEDICATIONS More than 400 prescription and over-the-counter drugs, including antidepressants and allergy remedies, can stifle saliva flow. Saliva helps wash away food and bacteria, keeping bad breath at bay. Changing your medication isn’t always an option, so the American Dental Association recommends you stay hydrated and chew sugarless gum to keep your mouth moist. TONSIL STONES These small white-ish clusters — made up of hardened bacteria, food particles, dead cells, and mucus — get trapped in the ridges of your tonsils and the back of your tongue. They’re generally harmless except for the smell. They’ll often dislodge on their own, but you can sometimes speed the process by gargling with salt water. DRIED FRUIT It’s very high in sugar, and odor-causing bacteria love to feed on sugar. A 1/4 cup of raisins has 21 grams of sugar; the same amount of dried apricots has 17 grams. That’s like eating 4-5 teaspoons of pure sugar. Plus, dried fruit is sticky, so it can get trapped on and between your teeth. After a snack, be sure to floss and brush to help keep bad breath at bay. ACID REFLUX /  HEARTBURN These are two symptoms of GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), a common digestive disorder. Your bad breath may be from some undigested food coming back up, or it could be that irritation from stomach acid is giving you postnasal drip. Ask your doctor for help if you get heartburn often. CRACKED TEETH AND FILLINGS These can trap food particles and breed bacteria, resulting in cavities, gum disease, and bad breath. Ill-fitting dentures can cause the same problems. All the more reason to schedule your regular cleanings and exams at Samarth Dental Clinic